*Adapted from Haffner SM, Lehtos, Ronnemaa T, Porala K, Laakso M. Mortality from coronary heart disease in subjects with type 2 diabetes and in non-diabetic subjects with and without prior myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med 1998;339 (4):229-234
Kidney disease (nephropathy)
Kidney failure is a major complication requiring costly therapy such as intermittent dialysis and kidney transplants.
Eye disease (retinopathy)
Retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood supply to the retina of the eye. This complication can cause altered vision and ultimately blindness in one or both eyes. Persons with diabetes are also prone to develop cataracts.
Nerve disease (neuropathy) and amputations
Nerve damage due to uncontrolled diabetes is a common complication. There can be a loss of sensation in the feet leading to injuries that are not detected or managed early resulting in loss of limbs.