Age: With age, the body finds it difficult to produce adequate amount of insulin to normalize blood glucose levels. Previously it was denoted as an adult onset illness but now we are seeing patients under 10 yrs with T2D.
Family history: Those who have a first degree [father, mother, brother, sister] family history of diabetes are more likely to develop T2D. This could be due to genetics or unhealthy lifestyles.
Race or ethnicity: Some races or ethnic groups are more prone to the illness than others.
Excessive weight is a definite risk factor.
Body Mass Index [BMI – Asian]:
Normal: 18 -23
Overweight: 23 – 25
Obese: 25 – 30
Increased waist circumference: Increased waist is more crucial than an overall increase in BMI.
Female – Under 80 cm
Male – Under 90 cm
Abnormal nutrition: Nutrition plays a major role in the development of T2D. A balanced diet high in fibre and low in carbohydrates is ideal
Physical Inactivity: Decreased physical activity / exercise is common in modern lifestyles. Increasing ones physical activity through regular exercise is essential for wellbeing.
Stress: Stress triggers hormonal and metabolic changes in the body that puts one at risk of developing T2D. Stress reduction through exercise, meditation and yoga are recommended together with other changes in lifestyle.